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Mormon War Letters
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Mormon War Letters

written in 1838 by Missouri Militia officers and citizens

These letters were transcribed from microfilm of originals at the Missouri State Archives. Spelling is unchanged.


 
12th Sept. 1838

Gov. Lilburn W. Boggs

We, the citizens of the counties of Daviess and Livingston, represent to your honor that a crisis has come, which we believe requires us, as the legitimate citizens of Missouri, to call on the Executive of State for protection. For several weeks past, the Mormons have been making formidable preparations for a civil war, and one which they are pleased to call a war of extermination. We presume that your honor is apprised of the attack made on Adam Black, Esq., on the 8th of August, by the Mormons, and shall not enter into a detail of it here, but we will apprise your honor that the Mormons have and keep a lawless armed force stationed in our country, and are constantly throwing out menaces, threats and challenges to our citizens. Influenced by fearful apprehensions of danger, we, the people of the above counties, sent an Express to Richmond last week for arms and ammunition, and on their return with their load of guns, say, forty-five, several kegs of powder and two hundred pounds of lead, they were intercepted on Sunday last, in passing through Caldwell county, by a banditti of those fanatical enthusiasts, made prisoners of, and taken to Far West, where they, the guard and the above munitions of war, are still held in custody.

On Sunday last, an armed force of fifty Mormons left their own encampment in this county, and marched to the territory of Livingston County, for the purpose, as they said, of removing a considerable amount of property, which was subject to a lein, held by Mr. James Weldon; they passed into the settlement secretly, and falling in with a family which they suspected would alarm the settlement, they violently seized, and made prisoners of the whole family, which consisted of three men and two ladies, all of whom, with three others of our citizens, we believe are still held in the custody of those rebels, and deprived of their liberties.

Our country, sir, is in a distressed situation; probably two-thirds of the families of Daviess County have left, and gone to seek protection among the neighboring counties, while a few of the old settlers are still here, and are determined only to surrender their houses with their lives. For about four weeks, we have been humbly and unceasingly petitioning our neighboring counties for aid, but we are yet in a helpless and defenceless condition. We, therefore, the people of the above counties, being well aware that your honor is well acquainted with the character of those people called Mormons, and believing that our lives, our liberties, our property and our all, are in the most imminent danger of being sacrificed by the hands of those imposterous rebels, earnestly call on your honor for assistance -- assistance we must have, or leave our homes and seek protection elsewhere. Most of us, sir, emigrated to these frontier counties before there were any settlements formed; we have had to encounter and have realized nearly all the difficulties incident to a new country; we have foregone the pleasures and the advantages of the old and well-settled counties, which we have left in anticipation of enjoying like blessings in these -- but, alas! Our anticipations are blasted, and unless we can get rid of those emissaries of the Prince of Darkness -- we and our families are ruined. We are, sir, your petitioners, The Citizens of Daviess and Livingston Counties.




Camp near De-witt
7th Octr 1838
To the Citizens of Howard County

Gentlemen:
This county is the theatre of a civil war, and will soon be one of desolation, unless the citizens of the adjoining counties lend immediate assistance. The infatuated Mormons have assembled in large numbers in De Witt, prepared for war, and are continually pouring in from all quarters where these detestable fanatics reside.

The war is commenced; blood has been shed. They shed it. They waylayed and fired upon a body of the citizens of Carroll County, & wounded some. They are the aggressors. They have been guilty of high treason, they have violated the laws and shed the blood of our citizens, and we think this one of the cases of emergency in which the people ought to take the execution of justice in their own hands. Speedy action is necessary. The progress of their imposition, insult and oppression ought to be checked in the beginning. The people must act together. They must act energetically.

It is now twelve O'Clock at night. The Mormons are lurking round our camp, and making preparations to attack us before day. Our number is much less than theirs, and we will have to act on the defensive until we procure more assistance.

About two hours ago the Mormons were re-inforced by 62 mounted men well armed from Far West. They are arriving every night. Two nights ago it is thought one hundred came to De Witt for the purpose of making war upon the people of this county. Under such circumstances, you cannot fail to come forward immediately. Can you not be here by Sunday or Monday at farthest? Come by fives and tens if you cannot come in companies. Bring all you can. This is no false excitement or idle rumor, it is the cold reality too real. We will anticipate you immediately, and shall expect your cooperation and assistance in expelling the fanatics, who are mostly aliens by birth and aliens in principle from the country. We must be enemies to the common enemies of our laws, religion & country.

Your friends & fellow citizens.

P.S. Our guard was just now fired upon by the Mormons. They have become emboldened by their recent re-inforcements, and we will have to act on the defensive until assistance arrives.

Yrs &c

Congrave Jackson
Larkin K. Woods
Thomas Jackson
Rollo M. Davis
James Jackson Junr
John L. Tomlin
Sidney S. Woods
George Crigler
William L. Banks
Whitfield Dickens




Boonville October 9th 1838
To the Commander in Chief

Sir, enclosed you will receive a communication from Genl Parks, which I deem my duty to forward to Your Excellency. I have required Genl Doniphan with the troops from Clay, Clinton and the Platte to co-operate with Genl Parks. I have also instructed Parks to prevent armed Mormons from marching to De Witt, and also to send back or take into custody all the Mormons from Caldwell County who may be found in arms in Carroll County. Also to disburse all armed bands of citizens from other counties found in Carroll.

I have also suggested to Parks to urge it upon the Mormons in Carroll County to sell out and remove elsewhere, and also to urge the citizens to make the proposition to buy. I have no doubt but Your Excellency, if you should deem it your duty to proceed to Carroll County, could restore peace. I would have forwarded this communication by express, but was informed that you were at St. Louis; it is therefore sent by mail. If you deem it necessary to proceed to Carroll County, I would respectfully suggest that it should be done as quick as possible. I have the honor to be &c.

D. R. Atchison

P. S. If your Excellency should deem it necessary to proceed to Carroll County, Boonville will be in your route, where it would give me great pleasure to see your Excellency, at which time I will be prepared to give all information as to the difficulties between the Mormons and citizens, as far as it could be obtained.

D. R. Atchison




I, the undersigned Adam C. Woods, a citizen of Howard County, do certify that on the 6th day of October 1838, in company with Captain Congrave Jackson and others of Howard County, hearing of the Mormon difficulty at De Witt, concluded to go up there, and did go to interpose our good offices and make peace between them and the citizens. When we reached there on last evening we found under arms in a mile or thereabouts of De Witt, about two hundred citizens encamped and sentinels out. I did not go into De Witt. I was advised not to go in, fearing that I would be injured. I was informed and believe the information to be true, that the Mormons at De Witt are between five and six hundred, well armed. I remained on last night in the camp of the citizens, intending on this morning to go in town and endeavor to make peace, but about midnight the Mormons commenced firing on the sentinels placed out by the citizens, which was returned. There was occasional firing at a distance until day.

From the above occurrences we were deterred from making any attempt with the Mormons for peace, and I left on this day about 10 O'Clock in the morning.

A. C. Woods
Octr 7th 1838




Elk Horn, Ray Co, Mo. 13th Octr 1838.

To His Excellency L. W. Boggs

Dr Sir,

I avail myself of this opportunity to inform you [of the] present deplorable condition of our country. I arrived home last night of the 2nd tour of duty to suppress insurrection, when the first campaign closed on Grand River and the public was informed that peace was restored. The citizens who livd in Daviess and the adjoining counties knew and expressed themselves that the Mormons were determd to drive the citizens from Daviess Co - which the Mormons have since expressed. The lives of the people of Daviess have been threatend. Many of them have fled for safety to the adjoining Cos. Whenever we meet a Mormon he is armed in best manner and continually throwing out his threats. Next we were ordered to De Witt in Carroll County under Genl H. G. Parks. When we arrived at Carrollton we were informd that the people of Carroll and the Mormons, who were mostly Canadians, were assembled in a mile of each other, ready for battle. We were also told the Mormons of Caldwell were on their way to De Witt, 100 more expected to pass down that night. I went to Genl Parks and requested him to permit me to move my company on that road and prevent their passing, but he refusd and we lay there that day and till midnight at which time W. C. Williams came to the camp and told us the Mormons were passing from Caldwell. I paraded my company and marchd to the Mormon road, leaving Parks in Carrollton (drunk) incapable of knowing what was going on. The Mormons passed before I reachd the road. The next day Parks overtook us with the balance of the troops. We moved down near De Witt & encamped two days without making one effort to disperse either party. I visited De Witt in company with Parks, Dr Ellis, McGee and several others, and on the public highway some 1/2 mile from the town we were met by a Mormon from Far West, who cocked his gun, presented it at me, and commanded us to stop. This is a common thing with them in this country; the public highways are guarded. Genl Parks returnd home with his command, leaving over 200 Mormons well armed in Carroll Co, who came from Caldwell after being expressly orderd by Major Genl Atchison to disperse them at all hazards.

The people of Carroll and the Mormons have made a compromise. The Mormons are moving West. It is supposed they intend pushing the citizens out of Daviess. That county is in a state of great agitation, great excitement prevails here. The Daviess & Livingston Co people, and many from others, are on their way to Daviess County with one field piece, with the determination to prevent their settling in that county at all hazards. If there is not some effective means taken to settle this difficulty, much blood will be spilt soon. It will require a strong force. Too many of our officers are seeking popularity with the Mormons, supposing their votes in time will be of some service to them.

You may rest assurd times grow worse & worse here. The Mormons embody themselves, keep out guards, and refuse to let any person see their forces. Had you proceeded on to Daviess County you could easily have convincd yourself the state of things which are desperate in the extreme. You will no doubt be calld on. I hope you will take steps to make a final settlement of this matter. If it is not soon done, our country is ruind.

Your Obt. Servt,
Samuel Bogart
Capt. in the late Volunteers




Daviess Co, Mo.
October 21st 1838

To his Excellency the Governor of
The State of Missouri

Sir: - I deem it my duty, made so not only from the law, as an officer, but also as an individual, to report and make known to your excellency the unheard of & unprecedented conduct and high handed proceedings of the Mormons of this & Caldwell Counties towards the other citizens of this county, being myself one of the sufferers. On Monday the 15th inst. we learned that the Mormons were collecting in Far West for the purpose of driving what they term the mob from this county, by which we understand the citizens that were not Mormons. And accordingly they have come & their worst apprehensions have been already fulfilled.

They have plundered or robbed and burned every house in Gallatin, our county seat, among the rest our Post Office, have driven almost every individual from the county, who are now flying before them with their families, many of whom have been forced out without necessary clothing, their wives and little children wading in many instances through the snow without a shoe. When the miserable families are then forced out, their houses are plundered and then burned. They are making this universal throughout the county. They have burned for me two houses and, sir, think this not exaggeration, for all is not told. And for the truth of all and every statement here made, I pledge the honor of an officer & gentleman.

These facts are made known to you, sir, hoping that your authority will be used to stop the [blank] of this banditti of Canadian refugees and restore us to our lost homes.

I neglected to state that among the rest, our County Treasury office has been also burned. Will only ask in conclusion, can such proceedings be submitted to in a government of laws? I think not. I must answer my interrogatory no, not withstanding the political juggling of such men as David R. Atchison & some others, whose reports & circulations setting the conduct & character of the Mormons favorably before the community, are believed by the peoples of this county to be prompted by the hope of interest or emolument.

I am yours, sir, with due regard,
Wm. P. Penniston, Co. G
60th Reg., 2nd Brig., 3rd Div. M.M.

P.S. Since writing the above I have procured the testimony on oath of some six or eight persons corroborating with my statement, which accompany this.

Wm. P. Penniston




Brigade Head Quarters at Richmond
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division
21st Oct. 1838

Major Genl D. R. Atchison

Sir, I received yours of the 16th inst. from Boonville, which I will let remain until I see yours. I have now returned from the County of Daviess & assure you this county is agitated by a deeper & more desperate excitement than I have yet witnessed. I left the place on Tuesday the 16th inst. with two companies of mounted men, having directed Col. Dunn to precede me to Daviess County, where I had good evidence to believe the troops and [blank] intending to act against Adamondiamon. Intending to cooperate with Genl Doniphan & the remainder of the troops, I had proceeded to the head of Crooked River when a severe snow storm overtook us & we were compelled to abandon the undertaking for the present. The troops were dismissed until further orders, and the troops under Col. Dunn had been ordered home by Genl. Doniphan who came as far as Far West, from whence he returned home. I with a part of my staff proceeded on to Far West, which I reached on Tuesday night, & learning that the Clay troops had gone home, I determined to proceed to Daviess & examine the state of the country. On Thursday I proceeded to the town of Adam in Daviess County, & on the way heard the Mormons had burnt a storehouse in Gallatin belonging to Jacob Stallins. I sent two men to see & learn the fact & on their return confirmed the news. I saw at Adam on Diahmon about 500 Mormons under arms, all well armed, about 200 of them mounted. I asked them their motive in appearing in arms. There answer was they intended to defend that place. They had been driven from De Witt & other places, and here they were determined to stand and die rather than be driven from that place.

I next visited Millport, & found on my way down the ridge that the inhabitants had left their houses and all above Pennington's have fled. That county is in a worse state than at any former period, and I believe that the Mormons are now the aggressor, as I have seen many depradations which they have committed. I have certificates of their having taken arms from the citizens of Daviess forcibly. The excitement in this county is more deep and full of vengeance than I have yet seen it, & I would not be surprised if some signal act of vengeance would be taken on these fanatics. Wednesday next is fixed for a full and general meeting of the citizens of this county to take into consideration the steps necessary to be taken in this state of affairs.

I do not know what to do. I will remain passive until I hear from you. I do not believe calling out the militia will avail anything towards restoring peace, unless they were called out in such force as to fight the Mormons & drive them from the country. This would satisfy this people, but I cannot agree to it. I hold myself ready to execute, as far as I can go, any order from you, and wish you to advise the Commander-in-Chief as to the situation of the upper country. Perhaps a visit from him would have some effect in allaying the excitement. I remain your obdt Servt

H. G. Parks, Genl
2nd Brigade, 3rd Div.




Jonathan J. Dryden after being duly sworn deposeth and sayeth that on the 21st day of October 1838 he was taken as a prisoner by the [people] called Mormon from his [own] house, sick with the fever, and carried him about one mile and released him, upon the account of his health. And while in custody he ware told by them, they had applied to the Governor diverse of times for pertection, and he never had sent them any assistance, and now they had taken the law in their own hands, and they intended to have the thing settled; because they believe the Governor to be as big a mob man as any of them, and the [plunder] which they ware now taking was to pay them back for the property which they had lost in Jackson County, when they were driven from there, and the affiant sayeth not.

Jonathan J. Dryden

The above sworn and subscribed before me the 22nd day of this [instant].

Adam Black
J.P.




James Stone after being duly sworn deposeth and sayeth, that on the 20th day of October 1838 the people called Mormon came to his house, and told him if he did not leave Daviess County against next morning, against sunrise, that they would take his head with their sword, and drew their sword and waved it at him, and said they would take his heart's blood if he did not leave [the] county. And then this affiant took them at their word and left his house about 10 O'Clock in the night, he and 2 other men, and went back next morning and his house was robbed. And this affiant sayeth on the 21st day inst. that he with several other men saw the said people called Mormon herding a number of cattle, the amount not known, he supposed to be about 10 acres of ground covered. And they looked at them until they started them towards Caldwell County, and this affiant sayeth not.

James Stone

The above sworn to & subscribed before me 22nd day of this instant.

Adam Black J.P.




I, Thomas J. Martin, after being duly sworn do testify upon oath that whereas I was returning from meeting on the 21st day of Oct 1838 in Livingston County, I was intercepted and taken prisoner by the body of people called Mormons, which presented their guns and told me that I had one of two things to do. That was, to relate to them all that I knew concerning the [blank] their munitions &c, or to be laid on the sod and let birds eat me. They also took me about 12 miles during which time I saw them rummage the house of Mr. White. I also saw them take 4 others, and they had some others that had been taken before, some of which [they] took to Adam on deamon, and I have not [heard] from them since. During the time I was a prisoner they told me that they did not intend to let any man stay in Daviess County that was not friendly to them. And that they were doing the same to redress the injury received in Jackson County.

Thomas J. Martin

The above sworn to and subcribed before me this 22nd day of October 1838.

Adam Black J.P.




Liberty Oct. 22nd 1838
To his Excellency the Commander in Chief

Sir, Almost every hour I receive information of outrage and violence; of burning and plundering in the county of Daviess. It seems that the Mormons have become desperate and act like mad men. They have burned a store in Gallatin, they have burnt Millport; they have, it is said, plundered several houses and have taken away the arms of diverse citizens of that county. A cannon that was employed in the seige of De Witt in Carroll County, and taken for a like purpose to Daviess County, has fallen into the hands of the Mormons. It is also reported that the anti-Mormons have, when opportunity offered, disarmed the Mormons and burnt several of their houses.

The great difficulty in settling this matter seems to me in not being able to identify the offenders. I am convinced that nothing short of driving the Mormons from Daviess County will satisfy the party opposed to them, and this I have not the power to do as I conceive legally. There are no troops at this time in Daviess County, nor do I deem it expedient to send any there. For I am well convinced that it would but make matters worse for, Sir, I do not feel disposed to disgrace myself, or permit the troops under my command to disgrace this state, and themselves, by acting the part of a mob. If the Mormons are to be drove from their homes, let it be done without any color of law and in open defiance thereof. Let it be done by volunteers acting upon their own responsibility.

However, I deem it my duty to submit these matters to the Commander in Chief, and will conclude by saying it will be my greatest pleasure to execute any orders your Excellency should think proper to give in this matter, with promptness and to the very letter.

I have the honor to be your
Excellency's Most Obt Servt
David R. Atchison
Major Genl 3rd Divis M.M.

N.B.
I herewith inclose you a report from Genl Park, also one from Capt Bogart.
D.R.A.




Elkhorn, Oct 23rd 1838
Gen. Atchison,

Dear Sir, The Mormons have burnt Gallatin & Millport & have ravaged Daviess County, driven out the citizens, burnt the Post Office, taken all kinds of property from the citizens, have gone into Livingston County & taken the cannon from the citizens there. They have threatened to burn Buncombe & Elkhorn, & have been seen near & on the line between Ray & Caldwell, from consequence of which I have ordered out my company to prevent, if possible, any outrage on the County of Ray, & to range the line between Caldwell & Ray, & await your order & further assistance. I will camp at Fields, 12 miles north of this tonight.

I learn that the people of Ray are going to take the law into their own hands & put an end to the Mormon war.

In haste your obdt servt
James Bogart

P.S. Please be explicit in your express to me as to my course.




Richmond, Mo.
Oct. 23rd 1838

His Excellency the Governor of Missouri

Dear Sir,
The Mormon difficulties are arising and have arisen here to an alarming height. It is said (and I believe truly) that they have recently robbed and burned the store-house of Mr. J. Stollings in Gallatin, Daviess County, and that they have burned several dwelling houses of the citizens of Daviess, taken their arms from them, and have taken some provisions. Mormon dissenters are daily flying to this county for refuge from the ferocity of the prophet Jo Smith, who they say threatens the lives of all Mormons who refuse to take up arms at his bidding, or to do his commands. Those dissenters (and they are numerous) all confirm the reports concerning the Danite band of which you have doubtless heard much, and say that Jo infuses into the minds of his followers a spirit of insubordination to the laws of the land, telling them that the Kingdom of the Lord is come which is superior to the institutions of the earth, and encourages them to fight and promises them the spoils of the battles.

A respectable gentleman of my acquaintance from Livingston is here now who informs me that the Mormons are robbing the citizens of Livingston, on the borders of Caldwell, of their corn and whatever else they want; that they have taken a cannon from Livingston County and are prowling about the country, a regularly formed banditti.

That the prophet Jo Smith has persuaded his church that they are not, and ought not to be, amenable to the laws of the land, and is still doing it I have no doubt. The Danite band as I am informed by numbers of the most respectable of the Mormons (who are now dissenters) binds them to support the high council of the Mormon church, and one another in all things whether right or wrong, and that even by false swearing. I have taken much pains to be informed correctly about this Danite band, and am well satisfied that my information as above stated is correct. I have no doubt but that Jo Smith is as lawless and consumate a scoundrel as ever was the veiled prophet of Chorassin. I believe the criminal law in Caldwell County cannot be enforced upon a Mormon. Grand Juries there will not indict. Jo declares in his public addresses that he can revolutionize the U.S. and that if provoked, he will do it. This declaration has been heard by Col. Williams of this place, and other gentlemen of equal veracity. I have hoped that the civil authorities would prove sufficient for the exigency of the case, but I am now convinced that it is not, so long as indictments have to be found by the jury of the county in which the offense may be committed.

I do not pretend to have wisdom enough to make a suggestion as to what Your Excellency should do. The evil is alarming beyond all doubt. I suggest the foregoing facts for your consideration.

I am very respectfully
Yr Obt Servt
Th. C. Burch

P.S. Judge King will give you some information by the next mail.
T. C. B.




Richmond, Mo. Octr 23rd 1838

The Governor of the State of Missouri

Sir,
The alarming state of Daviess County, and the panic produced by the late movements of the Mormons in that county has produced a degree of excitement and alarm here that has not been heretofore witnessed. The latest accounts from Daviess County that has reached us, say that all the inhabitants of Daviess County have left and sought refuge in Livingston or this county. The store house of Jacob Stollings in Gallatin, Daviess County, was robbed and burned by the Mormons, the Post Office kept there was also destroyed. And we believe that the houses of 5 or 6 of the inhabitants of Daviess have been destroyed by fire, the property taken away, and the women and children obliged to flee. The arms of all the citizens in Daviess they could find have been taken by them forcibly. They have also carried away the cannon from Livingston County, and have it now in their possession.

The Mormons have robbed George Worthington, P.M. at Gallatin, of his notes & property to the amount of nearly $2,000. In short, the news from them reach[es] us hourly that they are destroying the property of the citizens they cannot carry away, and all that they can carry away they take. Blood and plunder appears to be their object. All those who do not join with them in their incindiary conduct are banished from Caldwell, and all those of other counties who are opposed to them are threatened. It is the desire of the citizens that His Excellency would visit this section of country and call out a sufficient number of troops to put a stop to the further ravages of these fanatics. If some such measures are not taken shortly, the whole country will be overrun. But we now firmly believe they are aggressors, and say they will indemnify themselves for losses in Jackson and Carroll. We are not alarmists, and have had no fears until lately, these fanatics would have dared to behave as they have lately. There seems to be but one opinion here on the subject and that is, unless a military force is brought in to act against them, and that shortly, they will destroy as far as they are able. We think it our duty to advise you of these things.

Very respectfully,
Your Obt Servts
T.L.D.W. Shaw
James S. Beell
G. Lenhart
J. R. Doolittle
Jno C. Richardson
B. J. Brown, Sheriff of Ray County
M. P. Long
George Woodward
R. S. Mitchell
Lewis L. Jacobs
John N. Hughs
Berry Hughs
Thomas McKinney
William Hudgins P.M.
Jesse Corner

We are deficient in arms. If there are any to spare, we wish them brought up here.

William Hudgins




Sir:
We were informed last night by an express from Ray County that Capt Bogard and all his company amounting to between fifty and sixty, were massacred by the Mormons at Buckhorn, twelve miles north of Richmond, except three. This statement you may rely on as being true, and last night they expected Richmond to be laid in ashes this morning. We could distinctly hear cannon and we know the Mormons have one in their possession. Richmond is about twenty-five miles west of this place on a straight line. We know not the hour or minute we will be laid in ashes. Our country is ruined, for God sake give us assistance as quick as possible.

Yours &c
Sachel Woods
Joseph Dickson

Carrolton, Mo.
Octr 24th 1838




Being requested by a committee of the citizens of Ray County to make a statement of such facts as are within my knowledge relative to the Mormons, I have to say that I came to Far West the 17th April last and have lived there ever since. I have never been a member of the Mormon church, but my parents are. I am about the age of 18 years. I have lived at the house of Sidney Rigdon the most of the time. I have heard the prophet Smith in public address say he would like to have a play speel of the whole U.S. (in a fight as I took it). This was on the election day last August. I have often heard the Mormons say they would as soon shoot the dissenters that came out and talked against them, as to shoot anything else. I have heard diverse Mormons say that they burnt the store of Mr. Stolling in Daviess County. David W. Patton had the command of the company that went to Gallatin. The Mormons say that they did not burn the goods, but hauled them off. Said Patton went by the name of Capt. Fearnot.

A few days ago I heard a company of Mormons who had been to Daviess County say they had taken from the citizens of Daviess County about twenty-four horses and thirty-two guns. And it was said by Mormons about there, that it was done to make up for losses in Jackson County. When the company came up who took the guns & horses, I heard Sidney Rigdon shout three times, "Hosannah to the victors!" and made them a speech exhorting them not to fear, & to keep up courage.

Henry Marks

Richmond, Mo.
Oct. 24th 1838

Sworn to & subscribed before me on the day above written.
Henry Jacobs J.P. of Ray County.




Lexington, 6 O'Clock P.M.
October 24th 1838

Gentlemen,
This letter is sent after you on express by Mr. William Bryant of Ray County. Since you left us this morning, Mr. C. R. Morehead came here on express for men to assist in repelling a threatened attack upon Richmond tonight. He brought news that the Mormon armed force had attacked Capt Bogart this morning at daylight, and had cut off his whole company of 50 men. Since Mr. Morehead left Richmond, one of the company (Bogart's) had come in and reported that there were ten of his comrades killed, and the remainder were taken prisoners after many of them had been severely wounded. He stated further that Richmond would be sacked and burned by the Mormon Banditti tonight. Nothing can exceed the consternation which this news gave rise to. The women and children are flying from Richmond in every direction. A number of them have repaired to Lexington, amongst whom is Mrs. Rees. We will have sent from this county, since 1 O'Clock this evening about 100 well-armed and daring men, perhaps the most effective that our county can boast of. They will certainly give them (the Mormons) a warm reception at Richmond tonight. You will see the necessity of hurrying on to the City of Jefferson and also of imparting correct information to the public as you go along.

My impression is that you had better send one of your number to Howard, Cooper and Boone Counties, in order that volunteers may be getting ready and flocking to the scene of trouble as fast as possible. They must make haste and put a stop to the devastation which is menaced by these infuriated fanatics. And they must go prepared, and with the full determination to exterminate or expel them from the State en masse. Nothing but this can give tranquillity to the public mind and reestablish the supremacy of the law. There must be no further delaying with this question anywhere. The Mormons must leave the State, or we will one and all. And to this complexion it must come at last. We have great reliance upon your ability, direction and fitness for the task you have undertaken, and have only time to say God speed you!

Yours truly,
E. M. Ryland

Messrs Amos Rees & Willey Williams




At the request of a committee of the citizens of Ray County, I make the following statement in relation to the recent movements, plans & intentions of the Mormons in the counties of Caldwell & Daviess.

Shortly after the settlement of the difficulties at De Witt in Carroll County, a call was made up by the Mormons at Far West in Caldwell County for volunteers to go to Daviess County, to disperse the mob as they said. On the day before this Joseph Smith the prophet in which he said that all the Mormons who refused to take up arms, if necessary in difficulties with the citizens, should be shot, or otherwise put to death. And as I was there with my family I thought it most prudent to go, and did go with my wagon, as the driver.

We marched to Adamondeoman and found no troops or mob in Daviess County. Scouting parties frequently went out & brought in intelligence that they had seen from three to five men. We got to Diamon on Tuesday evening, & on the next day a company of about eighty of the Mormons, commanded by a man fictictiously named Captain Fearnot, marched to Gallatin. They returned and said they had run off from Gallatin twenty or thirty men and had taken Gallatin, had taken one prisoner and another had joined the company. I afterwards learned from the Mormons that they had burned Gallatin, and that it was done by the aforesaid company that marched there. The Mormons informed me that they had hauled away all the goods from the store in Gallatin, and deposited them at the Bishop's storehouses at Adam on diahmon. On the same day, Lyman Wight marched about eighty horsemen for Millport. He returned before night and called for Joseph Smith & Hiram Smith to report to them (said Hiram being counsellor of said Joseph the prophet) and said Wight reported that he had been in sight of Millport, saw no one to fight, but that the people generally had gone & left their houses & property. The prophet, on hearing the property was left, commenced a reply & said "We had better see to it." When Wight stopped him by saying "Never mind, we will have a private counsel," and Smith replied "Very well." The private counsel I did not hear. The men were dismissed to go to their camps.

The same evening a number of footmen came up from the direction of Millport, laden with property which, I was informed, consisted of beds, clocks & other household furniture. The same night, I think, about three wagons were dispatched for about forty bee gums, and the next day saw several gums where they were splitting them up & taking the honey & burning the gums, in which business of taking out the honey, but few were engaged for fear, as they said, they would be called on as witnesses against them. When Wight returned from Millport & informed Smith that the people were gone & the property left, Smith asked him if they had left any of the Negroes for them, & Wight replied no. Upon which someone laughed and said to Smith, "You have lost your Negro, then."

During the same time, a company called the fur company was sent out to bring in fat hogs & cattle, calling the hogs "bears" and the cattle "buffaloe." They brought in at one time seven cattle and at another time, four or five belonging to the people of Daviess. Hogs were brought in dead, but I know not how many. I saw only two.

They have among them a company consisting of all that are considered true Mormons, called the Danites, who have taken an oath to support the heads of the church in all things that they say or do, whether right or wrong. Many, however, of this band are much dissatisfied with this oath as being against moral and religious principles. On Saturday last, I am informed by the Mormons, they had a meeting at Far West at which they appointed a company of twelve, by the name of the destruction company, for the purpose of burning & destroying, and that if the people of Buncombe came to do mischief upon the people of Caldwell & committed depredations on the Mormons, they were to burn Buncombe & if the people of Clay & Ray made any movement against them, this destroying company was to burn Liberty & Richmond. This burning was to be done secretly by going as incendiaries. At the same meeting I was informed they passed a decree that no Mormon dissenter should leave Caldwell County alive, & that such as attempted to do it should be shot down & sent to tell their tale in eternity. In a conversation between Doct. Avard & other Mormons, said Avard proposed to start a pestilence among the gentiles, as he called them, by poisoning their corn, fruit &c and saying it was the work of the Lord. And said Avard advocated lying for the support of their religion, & said it was no harm to lie for the Lord.

The plan of said Smith, the prophet, is to take the State, & he professes to his people to intend taking the U.S. & ultimately the whole world. This is the belief of the Church & my own opinion of the prophet's plans & intentions.

It is my opinion that neither said Joseph Smith, the prophet, nor any one of the principal men who is firm in the faith could be indicted for any offense in the county of Caldwell. The prophet inculcates the notion, & it is believed by every true Mormon, that Smith's prophecies are superior to the law of the land. I have heard the prophet say that he should yet tread down his enemies & walk over their dead bodies; that if he was not let alone he would be a second Mahamet to the generations, & that he would make it one gore of blood from the Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic ocean. That like Mahamet, whose motto in treating for peace was the Alcoran or the sword, so should it be eventually with us - Jo Smith or the sword.

These last statements were made during the last summer. The number of armed men at Adamondiamon was between three & four hundred.

Thomas B. Marsh

Richmond, Mo.
October the 24th 1838
Sworn & subscribed before me the day hereon written
Henry Jacobs, J.P., Ray County, Mo.

The most of the statements in the foregoing disclosed of Thomas B. Marsh I know to be true. The remainder I believe to be true.

Orson Hyde

Richmond, Oct 24th 1838
Sworn to & subscribed before me on the day above written
Henry Jacobs, J.P.

The undersigned committee on the part of the citizens of Ray County have no doubt but that Thomas B. Marsh & Orson Hyde, whose names are signed to the foregoing certificates, have been members of the Mormon Church in full fellowship until very recently when they voluntarily abandoned the Mormon Church & faith. And that said Marsh was, at the time of his dissenting, the President of the Twelve Apostles & President of the Church at Far West, and that said Hyde was, at that time, one of the Twelve Apostles. And that they left the church & abandoned the faith of the Mormons from a conviction of their immorality & impiety.

Richmond, Oct 24th 1838

Thomas C. Burch
William Hudgins
Geo. Woodward
J. R. Hindley
C. R. Morehead
O. H. Learcey
Henry Jacobs




Richmond, Oct 24th 1838

Dear Sir,
As Mr. Williams will be to see you in reference to our Mormon difficulties, I will be able to say all to you perhaps that can be said. I deem it a duty notwithstanding to give you such information as I have sought and obtained, & is such I assure you may be relied on. Our relations with the Mormons are such that I am perfectly satisfied that the arm of the civil authority is too weak to give peace to the country. Until lately, I thought the Mormons were disposed to act only on the defensive, but their recent conduct shows that they are the aggressors & that they intend to take the law into their own hands. Of their recent outrages in Daviess, you have doubtlessly heard much already. Of their course of conduct in Daviess, I will give you the general facts, for to give particulars would far transcend the contents of a letter. On Sunday before they marched to Daviess, Jo Smith made known his views to the people, and declared the time had come when they would avenge their own wrongs, & that all who was not for them, & take up arms with them, should be considered as against them, that their property should be confiscated and their lives also be forfeited. With this declaration, & much else said by Smith, calculated to excite the people present, the next day was set to meet & see who was for them & who against them. And under such severe penalties there was none, that I learn, who did not turn out, & about 3 or 400 men, with Smith at their head, marched to Daviess. This was on Tuesday. The next day was the snow storm, & on Thursday they commenced their ravages upon the citizens, driving them from their houses & taking their property. Between 80 & 100 men went to Gallatin, pillaged houses & the store of Mr. Stollings and the Post Office, & then burnt the houses. They carried off the spoils on horseback & in wagons & now have them, I understand, in a storehouse near their camp. Houses have been robbed of their contents: beds, clothing, furniture &c & all deposited, & they term it a consecration to the Lord.

At this time there is not a citizen in Daviess except Mormons. Many have been driven without warning. Others have been allowed a few hours to start. The stock of the citizens have been seized upon, killed and salted up by hundreds. From 50 to 100 waggons are now employed in hauling in the corn from the surrounding country.

They look for a force against them and are consequently preparing for a seige, building block houses &c. They have lately organized themselves into a band of what they call Danites, and sworn to support their leading men in all they say & do, right or wrong, & further to put to instant death those who will betray them. There is another band of twelve, called the Destructives, whose duty it is to watch the movements of men & of communities, & to avenge themselves for supposed wrongful movements against them by privately burning houses, property, & even laying in ashes towns, &c.

I find I am running out my letter too much in detail. I do not deem it necessary to give you a minute detail of all the facts of which I am possessed, but I give you the above in order that you may form some idea of the disposition of these people. The Mormons expect to settle the affair at the point of the sword, & I am well warranted in saying to you that the people in this quarter of the state look to you for that protection which they believe you will afford when you have learned the facts. I do not pretend to advise your course, nor make any suggestions other than what I have stated, that it is utterly useless for the civil authorities to pretend to intercede. The country is in great commotion and I can assure you that either with or without authority, something will shortly have to be done. I hope you will let me hear from you by the return of Mr. Williams, and if you should come up [to] the country shortly, it will give me pleasure to take the trouble to see you. I am very respectfully,

Austin A. King




At a very numerous public meeting held at the Court house in Richmond, Ray County, on Wednesday this 24th day of October 1838 for the purpose of taking into consideration the difficulties of the Mormons.

The object of the meeting having been explained by Thomas C. Burch, Esqr. The following resolutions were unanimously adopted after reading the report of Charles R. Morehead, William Thornton and Jacob Gudgel, which is hereunto attached. To wit -

Resolved That the report here made by Charles R. Morehead, William Thornton and Jacob Gudgel Esqrs be transmitted by express to the Governor of the State, together with these resolutions.

Resolved That this meeting have the most implicit confidence in said report as well from the known veracity of said Gentlemen, as from numerous other facts and circumstances in our knowledge corroborating the same.

Resolved that in the opinion of this meeting the time has arrived when it is the imperious duty of the executive by an armed force to quell the insurrection put on foot by the Mormons, and that to effect the same the civil authorities are wholly inadequate.

Resolved, That Wiley C. Williams and Amos Rees Esqrs be requested to visit the Governor, and lay before him the proceedings of this meeting, and urge upon him the necessity of ordering out forthwith an armed force against the Mormons sufficient to meet the emergency.

Resolved, that we view with the utmost concern the conduct of the Mormons in the counties of Daviess & Livingston, and that immediate action is necessary for the protection of our property and homes from this lawless Banditti.

Resolved, that heretofore as citizens desiring to abide by the laws of the land, we have been disposed to see this people called Mormons dealt with for their offenses by the civil authorities, but that in the opinion of this meeting, from their past and present lawless course, a resort to the laws will be worse than useless and wholly insufficient to afford the country that protection to which it is entitled.

Resolved, that we appeal to the Governor of this state to give the people of upper Missouri protection from this fearful body of thieves and robbers.

Resolved, that it would at this time be inexpedient to take any offensive, but that we should at present act on the defensive.

Resolved, that all who have in good faith renounced the Mormon religion should be protected, either those in this county or in Caldwell during the present excitement.

Resolved, that some men should now be raised to go to the northern border of this county, and guard it from intrusion by the Mormons; to act entirely on the defensive for the present; and that Genl Parks be requested to raise three companies for that purpose, or that they be raised by volunteers.




The undersigned having on Monday morning last learned that the Mormons had burned Millport in Daviess County in addition to the burning of Stollings store in Gallatin in said county; and of their having threatened to burn the store in Buncombe Settlement in this county; and feeling an anxiety to know the truth in relation to said reports left this place, Richmond, on that Monday morning & proceeded to Millport. They, however, previously called at Judge Morin's who lives about 1/4 of a mile from Millport, who informed those that all they had learned was substantially true, and that much more had been done by the Mormons than the people of this county had been informed of. He went with us to Millport where we found all the houses in ashes, except a grocery store house belonging to a Mr. Slade and a house in which Mr. Wilson McKinney had lived. We also found the house of Robert Peniston, near Millport, burned. The horse-mill belonging to him (Peniston) was taken down, the stones, bolting chest &c lying out some distance from the shed, and the shed yet standing. Mr. Morin informed us that the burning was done on Sunday night last, that on the next day he saw Mormons there and saw them taking off beds and other things belonging to Wilson McKinney. We also saw some furniture, which we understood from Mr. Morin belonged to McKinney, standing out in the commons and which seemed to have been rifled of its contents. Mr. Morin expected on the day we were there that the Mormons would be there (at Millport) to move off the remaining property and to burn the balance of the houses. He stated to us that he considered the situation a precarious one, that he had been permitted to stay this long owing to having no wagons to move with, but that he expected to get wagons that day & intended moving into Richmond immediately. He said that the county was entirely deserted by the inhabitants except himself and a few others besides the Mormons, and expressed it as his belief that the corn from his house to Diamon would all be gathered and hauled into Diamon by the Mormons in 48 hours from that time. He also stated to us that he was at Diamon a few days previously, and saw a company of men (Mormons) come into camp with a drove of cattle, amounting to about 100 head, which he supposed belonged to other citizens. He also saw a man in possession of a Mormon which he was very certain belonged to Wm Morgan, a citizen of Daviess County. Mr. Morin looked upon these Mormons whe were then a Diamon (amounting he supposed to about 600 men) as a band of robbers and desparadoes. He advised us very strongly to go no farther, not to attempt to go to Diamon or Far West. That we would gather nothing by doing so, in addition to which we there learned that the county on the north side of Grand River and west of him was certainly deserted except by the Mormons, and had been for several days. That the houses were all burned, or to use his own words, that it was a complete waste.

Mr. Morin also informed us that the Mormons had ordered the other citizens out of the county, and that he too had been ordered to leave. He appeared very anxious that we should not be seen at his house by any Mormon, that it should not be known that he had given any information or expressed anything unfavorable towards them, until he get away. We did not visit Gallatin, but understood from Mr. Morin and others, whom we met moving into this county, that all the houses in that place were burned except a Shoemaker's shop belonging to a Mr. Borwell.

Richmond, Mo. Wednesday October 24th 1838

C. R. Morehead
Wm Thornton
Jacob Gudgel




Daviess, Midnight
25th Octr 1838

Maj Genl John B. Clark

We write you a hasty letter from this point to give you authentic information as to the appalling situation of this country in the neighborhood of the Mormons. We are on our way as expresses to the Governor concerning the following information: that these wretched fanatics have thrown off all restraint and are destroying all before them. They have burned Gallatin, the county seat of Daviess, taken the goods from J. Stallings' store and burned the house. They have burned the village of Millport in Daviess and have burned almost every house from Gallatin and Millport north with many others in other parts of the county, and plundered the whole county of the property of the inhabitants. They say themselves that they have taken $30,000 worth of property. We have this moment received an express informing us that they this morning at daylight attacked Capt Bogard's company of 50 men with 300 Mormons and defeated him, killing some ten men, wounding many others and taking the most of the remainder prisoners. Many of the Mormons having been killed in the fight as is supposed. We have but little hope from these wretched desperadoes but that they will kill all these prisoners. This attack was made in Ray County. Capt Bogard had been stationed on the northern line of the county to patrol and guard it, the Mormons having threatened to invade that county. They have determined to attack and burn Richmond tonight and we have but little doubt but that they will attempt it. The women and children have all left Richmond and are leaving the county, flying for protection to Livingston and elsewhere. These creatures will never stop until they are stopped by the strong hand of force! And something must be done, and that speedily. There is no kind of doubt but that all the alarm, with much more that I have not time to write, is true and you may act accordingly.

Yours respectfully,
Wiley C. Williams
Amos Rees




Head Quarters of the Militia
City of Jefferson
Oct. 27, 1838

Sir,
Since the order of [********] morning to you, directing you to call 400 mounted men to be raised within your division, I have received by Amos Rees Esqr of Ray, & Wiley C. Williams Esqr, one of my Aides, information of the most appalling character which entirely changes the face of things and shows the Mormons in the attitude of an open and armed defiance of the law, and of having made war upon the people of this state. Your orders are therefore to hasten your operations with all possible speed. The Mormons must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the state if necessary for the public peace. Their outrages are beyond all description. If you can increases your forces you are authorized to do so to any extent you may consider necessary. I have just issued orders to Major Genl Willock of Marion Co. to raise 500 men and to march them to the northern part of Daviess and there unite with Genl Doniphan of Clay, who has been ordered with 500 men to proceed to the same point for the purpose of intercepting the retreat of the Mormons to the north. They have been directed to communicate with you by express. You can also communicate with him if you find it necessary. Instead, therefore, of proceeding as at first directed to reinstate the citizens of Daviess in their homes, you will proceed immediately to Richmond and there operate against the Mormons. Brig Genl Parks of Ray has been ordered to have four hundred of his Brigade in readiness to join you at Richmond. The whole force will be placed under your command.

I am very respectfully
Yr Obt St
Lilburn W. Boggs
Com in Chief

To Genl John B. Clark
Fayette Ho. Co.




Richmond, Oct. 28th 1838
Head Quarters of the 3rd & 4th Div. M.M.

To the Commander in Chief of the Militia

Sir,
From late outrages committed by the Mormons, civil war is inevitable. They have set the laws of the country at defiance, & are in open rebellion. We have about two thousand men under arms to keep them in check. The presence of the Commander in Chief is deemed absolutely necessary, and we most respectfully urge that your Excellency be at the seat of war, as soon as possible.

Your most obedient servants
David R. Atchison, M. G. 3rd Div.
Saml D. Lucas, Maj Genl 4th Div.




Chariton, 30th Oct 1838
His Excellency Gov. Boggs,

Sir, I have ordered one thousand men from this Divis., and now have five hundred this far under march, and five hundred from the Second Brigade will join me today at Keytesville from whence I will proceed to Richmond without delay. Your two orders were both received on day before yesterday at the same time. On this moment I received per Capt. Long the enclosed express from Genl Atchison and Lucas then at Richmond; it was met by Col Williams, your Aide, and opened and sent to me, supposing that the powers conferred on me were sufficient. This may be so, but I would give your Excellency my decided opinion, that it would be best for you to be there, and hope you will if practicable.

In the meantime, I will endeavor to act out your orders in letter and spirit, however great the responsibility. I have this moment dispatched to Genls Atchison & Lucas a copy of your two orders to me, with instructions to act for the best, until I can arrive.

All the additional information that I have from the scene of disturbance is worse and worse.

I have the honor to be
Yr. Obt Servt
John B. Clark
Major Genl Comd




10 O'clock A.M.
Camp Chariton, Oct 30th 1838

Majr Genl Lucas & Atchison

Gentlemen:
I am now here with near one thousand men under a force march to Richmond in performance of an order from the Commander in Chief, copies of which are herewith enclosed to you for the use only of your confidants. You will discover by them the power vested in me and for that purpose I enclose them to you. Capt Long this moment arrived with an express from you to the Govr which had been wet and opened by Col Williams, one of the Govr Aides, and sent to me. I have forwarded it to the Govr.

Act with your respective commands for the best according to circumstances until I arrive, when some plan of action will be settled upon if the Gov should not come. I will reach Richmond as soon as I can.

Capt. Long returns with this to you and Mr. Fristo goes on to the Govr.

Respectfully yours

John B. Clark, Major Genl
1st Div M.M.




Executive Department
City of Jefferson, 1st Nov. 1838

To Major Genl Jno B. Clark

Sir: Your communication by express of Oct 30th, enclosing one from Major Generals Atchison & Lucas of the 28th Oct. have been recd. It is impossible for me to leave here, the near approach of the meeting of the Legislature rendors it necessary that every moment of my time be employed in preparation to meet them. It was considered by me that full and ample powers were vested in you to carry into effect my former orders. The case is now a very plain one, the Mormons must be subdued and peace restored to the community. You will therefore proceed without delay to execute the former orders; full confidence is reposed in your ability to do so. Your force will be amply sufficient to accomplish the object. Should you need the aid of artillery, I would suggest that an application be made to the Commanding Officer of Ft. Leavenworth for such as you may need. You are authorized to request the use of it in the name of the State of Missouri. My presence there could affect nothing, I therefore again repeat that you are authorized and full power is given to you to take whatever steps you deem necessary and such as the circumstances of the case may deem it to demand, to subdue the insurgents and give peace and quiet to the country. The ringleaders of this rebellion should be made an example of, and if it should become necessary for the public peace, the Mormons should be exterminated or expelled from the State.

In order that no difficulty may arise in relation to the command, I must inform you that neither Generals Atchison or Lucas have been called into service under this late order, except Genl Lucas was directed to raise 400 men in his Division and to place them under the command of a Brigadier General. The privilege was offered him of commanding the troops from his own Division, though subject to your orders. All the troops now under arms and those that may arrive at the seat of war are placed under your command.

You will report to me by express and keep me regularly informed of anything of importance which may occur. The near approach of winter requires that your operations should be hastened. After having restored quiet, you will cause the people of Daviess County who have been driven from their homes to be reinstated.

I am respectfully
Your obdt svt
L. W. Boggs
Com. in Chief




Camp near Carrollton, Midnight
Novr 1st 1838

Genls Atchison & Lucas

Gentlemen
[ ] while at Chariton [ ] that you were at Richmond and was only holding the Mormons at check until further orders which you sought from the Commander in Chief. And having before then received orders from the Commander in Chief with plenary powers to settle this whole difficulty and call to my aid such force as I might deem necessary, a copy of which I sent you by express per Capt. Long, but learning at this place that you have proceeded to Far West and hearing a report (not official) that some of the Mormons have already surrendered to you. Therefore, under my orders, and in pursuance of the only and proper power assigned me, I send you respectively the following orders (viz): you are to remain at some secure position in the vicinity of Far West, protecting the citizens & their property from the aggressions of the Mormons until I arrive with my force, which will be by tomorrow night, amounting to two thousand. But you are not to make any attack or operate offensively until I arrive, where the plan of adjustment suggested by the Commander in Chief and proposed by myself, will be communicated. You must take steps if you have not and if it be necessary to provision your forces by foraging or otherwise. If you have any prisoners, you will make no truce with them by which they are to be discharged until my arrival, but preserve them from injury as prisoners. The Govr, I have learned this evening, is on his way up and will join us perhaps tomorrow.

I will be able to reach Far West in three more days. If Genl Willock has arrived at the place he was ordered, you will direct him and also Genl Doniphan to remain there until my arrival for further orders observing their original orders to prevent the retreat of the Mormons to the north.

The express leaves immediately and I cannot be more specific. You will both report to me immediately your Head Quarters, strength and position and such other matters as tend to further the service in which we are engaged. My express Messrs Scott, Turner & Enyart you will furnish with such necessaries as they may need and much oblige me.

I have the honor
to be your Obt Servt
John B. Clark, Major Genl
1st Div M.M.




Head Quarters
Camp near Far West
Nov 2nd 1838

His Exc. L. W. Boggs,
Comd in Chief, M,M.

Sir, On morning 29th Oct. the troops ordered out by Maj. Genl Atchison & myself (as per our report to you of said date) took up their line of march from camp near Richmond for Far West. We encamped the night of the 29th at Linville Creek, a short distance from the road, about sixteen miles from Far West, at which point we received an express from Brig. Genl Doniphan informing us that he was encamped on Log Creek with a force of 500 men, and that he would join us at the crossing of said creek on the road from Richmond to Far West by 10 O'clock A.M. The next morning on 30th Oct. the troops got together at the late named point, when we mustered about 1800 men. Whilst at this place we received your orders of 26th ult. and I received an order of 27th ult. & a letter from you of the same date. At this point Maj. Genl Atchison left me for Liberty, when I was left in sole command. Before leaving Line Creek I received information that a band of Mormons 200 in number, called Danites, had been seen about two hours previous near the route that we had passed. Upon receiving this intelligence I ordered a detachment of two companies from the respective commands of Brig. Genl Wilson, Doniphan, Parks & Graham to go in pursuit of said band, which I placed under the command of Genl Wilson with instructions to intercept, and if possible to cut off their retreat to Far West. I then took up my line of march for Goose Creek, one mile south of Far West, which point we reached about one hour by sun in the evening. Just as the troops were encamping, I received intelligence from Genl Doniphan, from his position on the right, that he had discovered a party of Mormons approaching Far West from the east, and requested permission to intercept them if possible. Leave was granted, & his Brig. started off at nearly full speed to accomplish the order, but the Mormons succeeded in reaching the fort. Genl Doniphan approached within 200 yards of their fortress when they displayed a force of about 800 men. At this juncture I ordered Genl Graham, Brig [ ] holding, Genl Parks & part of Genl Wilson's mounted, in reserve, to march full speed to the relief of the 1st Brig. 3rd Div. But from the inequality of the force of the 1st detachment (being only 250 strong at the time) & the Mormons, it was considered prudent to withdraw the troops & march against them in the morning. Which was accordingly done, and they all returned, as dark set in, to camp. At this place I established my Head Quarters & continued there during the expedition against the Mormons. The detachment under Genl Wilson returned about 9 O'clock P.M. The next morning, 31st Oct, I received a message from Col. Hinckle, the commander of the Mormon forces, requesting an interview with me on an eminence near Far West, which he would designate by hoisting a white flag. I sent him word that I would meet him at 2 O'clock P.M., being so much engaged in receiving & encamping of fresh troops who were hourly coming in, that I could not attend before. Accordingly, at that time I started with my staff officers and Brig. Genls Wilson, Doniphan & Graham, Genl Parks being left in command. We met him and some other Mormons at the point before mentioned. He stated that his object in asking me to meet him there was to know if there could not be some compromise or settlement of the difficulty without a resort to arms. After giving him to understand the nature of your orders, I made him the following propositions, which I furnished him a copy of, and a copy of your order, viz:

1st: To give up their leaders to be tried & punished.

2nd: To make an appropriation of their property, all who had taken up arms to its payment of their debt and indemnity for damage done by them.

3rd: That the balance should leave the State, & be protected out by the militia, but to be permitted to remain under protection until further orders were received from the Commander in Chief.

4th: To give up their arms of every description, to be receipted for.

Col Hinckle agreed to the proposition readily, but wished to postpone the matter until morning. I then told him that I would require Jos Smith Jr., Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Parley Pratt and Geo. W. Robinson as hostages for his faithful compliance with the terms, and would pledge myself and each one of the officers present that in case he, after reflecting and consulting upon the propositions during the night, declined acceding to them, that the hostages would be returned to him in the morning, at the same point they were received. But it was understood that in case they did comply, they were to be held for trial as part of the leaders called for by 1st stipulation. I then gave him until one hour by sun in the evening to produce and deliver them. We then returned to camp, & I directed the troops to make preparations to march to Far West by an hour & a half by sun, with a determination, in case the hostages were not produced, to make an attack upon the town forthwith. I directed Genl Parks' Brigade to be mounted, & to form on the right of the Division, to act as flankers if necessary and, if required, to pass entirely around the town and form on the north side with instructions to make the attack at the report of the cannon, which was to be the signal for the general attack. Genl Graham's Brigade was mounted & formed on the extreme left to act as flankers and, if required, to form the line on the west side with similar instructions as to the commencement of the attack.

Genl Doniphan's Brig. was ordered to parade on foot and to form on the left of Genl Parks, with instructions to form on the East side, with similar orders relative to attack. Genl Wilson's Brig. was ordered to parade on foot and to form on the left of Genl Doniphan, with instructions to form the line of battle on the South side, with same instructions as to commencement of attack.

The artillery company, with one piece of ordnance, was placed at the head of Genl Doniphan & Genl Wilson's Brigades with instructions to occupy an eminence within 300 yards of the town.

The army being disposed of in this manner, at the appointed time I took up the line of march in the direction of Far West. When the troops got within about 600 yards I discovered the flag, and the hostages advancing. I immediately halted the army and rode out and met them, received the hostages and placed a guard over them for their safety and protection, and ordered the force back to our encampment. I cannot forbear at this point expressing my gratification and approbation of the good conduct & gallant bravery evinced by all the officers and men under my command. They marched up with as much determination and deliberation as old veterans, not knowing but that the charge would be sounded every moment for surrounding the town. There was no noise [nor even passion/fusion] - nothing but an eager anxiety upon the countenance of every man to get at the work. When the hostages were received, the troops, with some slight exceptions, marched back in profound silence.

1st Novr I ordered the whold forces amounting to 2500 men to parade at 9 O'clock A.M. & to take up the line of march for Far West, and 1/2 past 9 O'clock to receive the prisoners & their arms. The troops marched out & formed in the prairie about 200 yards east of the town. Genl Wilson's Brig. formed the west line, Genl Doniphan's the east line, Genl Graham's & Genl Parks' the south line with the artillery company and the cannon in the center of the two latter, leaving one side of the space open.

The Mormon army, reduced to about 600 men by desertion and otherwise, under their commander Col Hinckle, marched out of their town, through the space into our square, formed a hollow square and grounded their arms. Col. Hinckle then rode forward & delivered up to me his sword & pistols. I then directed a company from the respective Brigades to form a front, rear, and right & left flank guards, & to march the prisoners back to Far West, & protect & take charge of them until the next morning. I then detailed a company from Genl Doniphan's command to take charge of the arms. Then, in order to gratify the army, & to let the Mormons see our forces, marched around the town & through the principal street, & back to Headquarters. Considering the war at an end in this place, I issued orders for Genl Doniphan's Brigade, with the exception of one company, & Genl Graham's Brig. to take up their line of march for their respective Head Quarters, & dismiss their men. And directed Genl Wilson to take charge of the prisoners (demanded for trial) & arms & march them to my Head Quarters at Independence to await further orders, & to dismiss all except a guard for the prisoners & arms.

2nd Nov: I relieved the guard placed over the prisoners at Far West by 4 companies of Genl Parks' Brig. and placed them under the command of Col. Thompson's 2nd Brigd 3rd Div. with instructions to report to Genl Clark.

The balance of Genl Parks' Brigade, with Capt. Gilliam's company of Genl Doniphan's Brigade under the command of Genl Parks, I ordered to Adam on Diamon, a Mormon town in Daviess County, with instructions to disarm the Mormon forces at that place and to leave a guard of 50 men for the protection of prisoners, & to report to Genl Clark. In order to carry the treaty & stipulations into effect, I have requested your Aide-de-Camp Col. Williams, together with Col. Burch & Major J. Reese of Ray, to attend to drawing up all the papers legally, & directed Col. Thompson to wait on them with a portion of his command, & to cause all their orders & requirements consistent with the stipulations to be carried into effect.

This day about 12 O'clock there was a Battalion of 100 men from Platte arrived at Far West, which I ordered back, having understood that Major Genl. Clark would be in in a day or two with a sufficient force to operate in Daviess & Livingston, & for any service that may be required.

I have the honor to be
Most respectfully
Saml D. Lucas
Maj. Genl.
Commanding




Head Quarters of the Forces
Against the Mormons
Richmond, Nov 2nd 1838

Genl Samuel D. Lucas
Major Genl 4th Div M.M.
Sir: I have heretofore directed you to report to me of your movements in your operations against the Mormons, but you have not done so or even sent me a line, except a pencil scrawl accidently found in the Bar Room of the Tavern at Richmond. I know nothing officially of what has been done, and shall therefore move on to Far West. You are ordered to have all the prisoners and arms taken from the Mormons to be brought forthwith to this place and the prisoners put in the Richmond jail and guarded, and the arms put in some secure place and guarded also. And you are also ordered to discharge your forces except a sufficient guard for the arms and prisoners as above. You will then repair in person to my camp between here and Daviess County with your [unit ] and also communicate to me a complete report in detail of what you have done in this expedition. These orders I make under order to me from the Govr.

I have the Honor
to be your Obt Svt
John B. Clark
Comg Genl




Head quarters of all the forces
against the Mormons
Far West, Nov 4th 1838
Brig. Genl Parks

Sir: I received your communication of this day per express and can only say you are right in obeying the orders of Genl Lucas although they were not without authority so far as he was concerned. You have, I suppose, taken the whole of the men of the Mormons prisoners. If not, you will do so and place such a guard around them and the town as well to protect the prisoners and to secure them until they can be dealt with properly. Also, the property must be protected from plunder and waste as far as practicable. In relation to the property of the citizens, you will give notice that as soon as I get things settled here I will repair to that place with a sufficient force to place the citizens back in their homes, and then all their property that can be found will be delivered up to them. And also the best means adopted to have them paid for the damage they have sustained, till which time, to wit, my arrival, all their property as well as the Mormons' must be held in custody. This is done in order that justice may be done in its distribution. All the citizens who have been moved can now move back with perfect safety, as my forces will not be discharged until they who choose to have moved.

If you think 60 men or one company enough without doubt to leave at that place to secure the prisoners and afford protection &c, you are at liberty to do as you suggested. But you must select a company in whom you can confide to execute your order and charge them to be strict that no outrages are committed. Prisoners must be protected. If you move your forces here, all but one company, you had better do so immediately. I will wait here until you have time to come before I make any further orders about Adam.

I am, Sir, yr Obt Svt
John B. Clark
Maj Genl Comg




Independence, Mo. 5th Novr 1838
His Exc. L. W. Boggs
Commd in Chief
M.M.

Sir: I returned on yesterday with the troops of the 1st Brig. 4th Divis. M.M. We got to Goose Creek in the vicinity of Far West on 30th ult. and the next day the town surrendered to us under the following conditions and stipulations, viz:

1st To give up their leaders to be tried & punished.

2nd To make an appropriation of their property, all who had taken up arms, to the payment of their debts, and indemnity for damage done by them.

3rd That the balance should leave the state and be protected out by the Militia, but to be permitted to remain until further orders from the Commander in Chief.

4th To give up their arms of every description, to be receipted for.

We took about 600 prisoners and rec'd something like that number of arms.

In disbanding my command, I ordered Genl Wilson to take charge of the leaders who I had demanded for trial, viz, Jo Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Amos Lyman, Geo. W. Robinson, Parley Pratt, Hyram Smith, together with the arms, and march them to my Headquarters at Independence to await your further orders. On 3rd of Novr, when at Williams Ferry, Missouri River, I received a letter from Major Genl Clark, by express, ordering me to march the prisoners and arms to Richmond, to discharge my forces, and repair myself with my staff to his camp wherever I could find it between Richmond and Daviess County. This order I did not comply with, as I could not under any circumstances be commanded by a Junior Major Genl. I was thrown into the field by a call from Brig. Genl Parks there in the field. Which, according to military ettiquette and usage is equivalent to an order. And from your order to Genl Clark, he is only authorized to command Brigadier Generals, but can make a call on Major Genl's for any force that he may think necessary.

I received a copy of your orders to him, and I intend to start the prisoners and arms to Richmond in the morning when the whole will be subject to his order.

Your orders of 26th & 27th ult. together with your letter to me of latter date was only rec'd by express on 30th ult. within 6 or 7 miles of Far West. At this point Major Gen'l Atchison left me and returned home to Liberty. I was then left in the sole com'd of about 1,800 men, which I marched that night to Goose Creek, within one mile of Far West. By sun-down the next day my forces were increased to 2500 men. With an army of this magnitude I could not think of lying idle and inactive.

I will make out a fair report and send it to you by next mail. We were looking for you every day, for the last 4 or 5 days, or I would have sent an express to you from Far West. A communication I received from Gen'l Clark 1st Novr stated that he had learned you was on your way up, and would arrive in a day or two. Learning that Gen'l Clark was on his march with an army of 2000 men, I concluded that he would have force sufficient to operate in Daviess and Livingston Counties, and to make a final close without the co-operation of my troops. I deemed it proper in order to save the state an enormous expense, which each day was immensely heavy, to discharge my forces which was accordingly done, with the exception of four companies left at Far West, and five companies under Gen'l Parks, sent to Daviess County. I left your aid, Col. Williams, Col. Burch and Major Reese of Regt at Far West drawing up all the necessary papers, and Col. Hinkle and myself appointed 5th Comd, viz: Wm Collins of Jackson, G. W. Woodward of Ray, Judge Cameron of Clay and John Corrill and M. Phelps of Far West.

The Mormons are to convey their property in trust to those comd's for the benefit of creditors and for indemnifying those that have been damaged by them. This arrangement gave satisfaction to the whole army and was the means of saving a great many valuable lives, and the effusion of immense bloodshed.

I have the honor to be with
Great respect
Saml D. Lucas
Major Genl 4th Divis M.M.

P.S. I sent Genl Clark a copy of my report to you, as soon as I had it made out.




Executive Department
City of Jefferson
6 Nov 1838

[To]
Major Genl
Jno B. Clark
Commanding the forces
against the Mormons

Sir: I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your communication under the date of the 3rd inst, dated at Richmond, by the express Mr. G. D. Maupin. I regret very much to hear that Genl Lucas has been guilty of disobedience of orders; on the subject, however, I shall cause in due time an inquiry to be made. I thought I had been so very explicit in my orders, that it was not possible to misunderstand them. You have placed the proper construction upon them, which was that the whole force to be employed in this service was to be placed under your command. General Lucas was not ordered out at all, except in the way I mentioned to you in my last communication. He was directed to cause four hundred men of his division to be raised, and place them under the command of a Brigadier Genl with the privilege, if he thought proper, to waive his rank as Major Genl and take Brigadier General's command.

General Atchison was not ordered out in this last affair for two reasons: one was that I was aware as a member of the Legislature he would have other duties to attend to, and another was that there was much dissatisfaction manifested towards him by the people opposed to the Mormons. He, though, under our militia law, has a right within the limits of his command to order out his troops to quell insurrection or repel invasion. Genl Lucas, though, could not exercise any command within Genl Atchison's division only so far as he may have been directed by the Commander in Chief, and that only extended to the command of a Brigadier.

In pursuance of the orders which I forwarded by Mr. Black, the express from Daviess County, whose companion Mr. Dryden bore my first orders to you. I therefore approve of the course you have taken in demanding the prisoners of Genl Lucas, as well as the arms, and shall send to him instructions to deliver them over to your order in the way you have directed him. You will see that they are securely confined within the limits of some prison and strongly guarded. The course you have proposed taking in relation to the other prisoners, that is to hold an Examining Court, and cause all those deemed guilty to be confined and guarded, is the correct one.

You will proceed to Diamon and there disperse all the persons you may find embodied and under arms without authority of law. In the meantime, attachment from your command can, if it is deemed necessary, be employed to reinstate the people of Daviess in their homes. It will also be necessary that you hold a Military Court of inquiry in Daviess County and arrest the Mormons who have been guilty of the late outrages committed towards the inhabitants of said county. My instructions to you are to settle this whole matter completely if possible before you disband your forces. If the Mormons are disposed voluntarily to leave the state, of course it would be advisable for you to promote that object in any way deemed proper. The ringleaders of this rebellion, though, ought by no means permitted to escape the punishment they merit.

The troops from Col. Gasconade and Franklin are directed to report to you. You had perhaps better return them in service and discharge them who from fatigue or otherwise may be disposed to return.

I would be pleased to hear from you of the final result of this matter, previous to the meeting of the Legislature. I shall forward to Genl Lucas by Express the necessary orders and instructions to obey the orders you have directed to him, under date of the 3rd inst. in relation to the arms and prisoners.

I have to request of you to embody all the facts you can collect in relation to the commencement of progress, and termination of the recent difficulties with the Mormons, in order that I may communicate same to the Legislature.

I am respectfully
Yr Obt St
L. W. Boggs
Com. in Chief

P.S. The prisoners will of course be delivered over to the civil authority, when you may deem it prudent to do so.




Head Quarters
Nov 7th 1838

Genl Order

Brigadier Genl Robt. Wilson will take up the line of march with his Brigade this morning for Adam on diamon in Daviess County and take possession of the prisoners at that place and proceed to ascertain those who committed crimes. And when done to put them under close guard. And when he moves, take them to Keytesville after having them recognized by the proper authority. He will then endeavor to restore the citizens of Daviess to their homes. After things have been restored as far as may be he will march for home and discharge his force and report to me. I send a copy of the orders of the Govr to me, which are transferred to him, all things for that particular service to do all things which you may deem necessary under said order.

John B. Clark
Major Genl Comg




Independence, Novr 7th 1838

His Exc L. W. Boggs
Comd in Chief
M.M.

Sir: I recd from Genl Clark last night, per the hands of Col Price, a copy of your orders of the 1st Novr in which you state that neither Genls Atchison & Lucas was called or ordered into the field by you. If your orders had of reached me before I got into the field, I would not have went, but I know nothing of the call for men or of the arrangements for giving the command to Genl Clark, but acted as I have before informed you. Upon a call from Brig. Genl Parks, then in the field (which, according to military usage & ettiquette is equivalent to an order) for assistance, he represented things in such a manner (which your Excellency has been apprised of by Col. Williams and Major Rees) that I believed I had no alternative but to act as I did. I have no disposition to thwart either your designs or Genl Clark's plans in going into the field, but after I got there with an army of 2500 men I could not consistently lie idle or inactive.

For the result of my proceedings, I refer you to my report sent herewith. I did not make any report to Genl Clark because I did not believe it proper to do so consistent with my grade of office.

I am very Respectfully
yr Obt Servt
S. D. Lucas
Major Genl 4th Divis. M.M.

P.S. If your Excellency should deem it proper, you can cause Genl Clark to be furnished with a copy of the above.




Head Quarters of the Militia
Employed against the Mormons
Richmond Novr 10th 1838

His Excellency L. W. Boggs

Sir, A day or two before I received your first order, I had upon information from a letter from Mr. Rees and Col. Williams on their way to you, issued an order to have raised in my Division one thousand men ready to march on Monday the 29th day of October last, all of which I communicated to you by express, the one however conveying my communication met one from your Excellency & returned.

On the 29th according to my order the first Brigade rendezvous at Fayette proposed to march, and did on that evening take up the line of march and reached Chariton on that evening. At Chariton I recd an express from Messrs. Atchison and Lucas to you, which I forwarded and then I dispatched an order to Genls Atchison & Lucas with a copy of your several orders to me, all of which you have been informed of by me. The next day, October 30th we reached Keytesville where we met the 2nd Brigade, commanded by Genl Robert Wilson who had been ordered to join me at that place. The next morning October 31st I organized the two Brigades into a Division, officered the same and took up the line of march for Richmond. We made forced marches until we reached Richmond. On the day we reached Carrollton, Novr 2nd I heard a report that Genl Lucas had invested Far West and effected a capitulation, the arms of which I sent you from here on my way out. I then sent another express to Genl Lucas to hold fast to all he had (supposing he had the prisoners and arms) until I arrived, to make no final capitulation or treaty until I did arrive, when I would communicate to him my plans for settling the difficulty, and also requesting him to report to me forthwith his acts, strengths &c. The express was directed to bring back to me at Richmond any communication the Genl might desire to make.

The next day I reached Crooked River in the neighborhood of Richmond. At this place I learned that Genl Lucas had disbanded his forces, and marched the prisoners to Independence. I immediately sent an express to intercept him, with orders to march the prisoners and arms back to Richmond for the reasons contained in my letter to you from Richmond.

I continued my march to Far West where I arrived on Sunday the 4th. When I reached there I encamped in the vicinity of town. At night I went into town with all my Field Officers & commenced ferreting out the guilty amongst the Mormons who were there. This business employed my time for two days and nights. After I had obtained all the information I could by disclosures from the dissenters from Jo the prophet (and there are not a few at this time) I caused the whole of the Mormons to be paraded, and took out of their ranks such of those I conceived guilty as could be found, and put them into a room.

A deep snow falling on this evening, and there being no chance to obtain fuel or provender, I was compelled to march back to Richmond with the prisoners, forty-six in number. I however, the day before I left Far West dispatched Lt. Col. Price from the Second Brigade to Richmond with two companies to receive the prisoners and arms, but on his arrival not finding them there, he went to Genl Lucas at Independence and informed him of his mission. The Genl then sent them and they reached here on last evening.

On the day I left Far West, I ordered Genl Wilson with his Brigade (except the two companies with Col. Price), to Adam Ondo Ahmon, a town in Daviess which had a few days since surrendered & given up their arms, with instructions to take possession of the town and disarm all the Mormons, and act in that quarter in accordance to your instructions to me, a copy of which was furnished him.

He was also instructed to take out from the mass of Mormons such as probably could be convicted of crime, and have them committed and then carry them to Keytesville, and have them placed in jail and guarded, but he was instructed not to leave that quarter until he had reinstated the citizens in their property and homes as far as practicable, and if necessary leave a small force there to protect the citizens.

I also ordered Capt Comstock with his company in Livingston to continue there, disarming the Mormons where-ever found, and report to Genl Wilson at Diamon for further orders.

This being done, I proposed to march back to Richmond. The morning before I left Far West I called the whole of the Mormons together, about five hundred (a great number having run away between the surrender and my arrival) and informed them that the prisoners I had, together with those taken by Genl Lucas, would be taken to Richmond, tried, and punished if found guilty. That they must comply with the terms of the capitulation with Genl Lucas.

The situation of their women and children, and the inclemency of the weather, induced me to modify the terms, and not require them to remove forthwith. That they could remain until their convenience suited them in the Spring. That no military guard would go with them, but I would pledge the honor of the State, they should not be hurt, and that their arms should be given up to them whenever they left the State, and not before. This they readily agreed to, so far as I could judge from their expressions.

This being done, I took up the line of march with the prisoners, and got here on yesterday. On my arrival here I discharged the whole of the first Brigade. I will here state that on my way to Far West, while at Richmond, I wrote to Genl Grant and ordered him to countermarch and discharge his forces. The same order I sent to Genl Willock from Far West, also Genl Crowster's Division was discharged at Richmond on their way, except the Boonville guards who were taken on to Far West and discharged here this morning. Genl White, learning of the state of affairs, left his men at the River near Livingston and came on to meet me with his staff at Far West. I then ordered him to countermarch his Brigade, except the cavalry commanded by Capt Parsons, which company is now here guarding the prisoners.

All the forces in this quarter are now discharged, except two companies commanded by Capt Parsons and Capt Bogard. I detained Lieut. Col. Price to superintend the guard of the prisoners, and I also detained Genl White and his field officers here a day or two for the purpose of holding a Court Martial if necessary. I this day made out charges against the prisoners and called on Judge King to try them as a committing court, and I am now busily engaged in procuring witnesses and submitting facts. There being no civil offices in Caldwell, I have to use the military to get witnesses from there which I do without reserve.

Genl Wilson's Brigade is still in service in Daviess County, under the instructions above stated. They will be discharged as fast as possible.

The most of the prisoners here I consider guilty of Treason, and I believe will be convicted, and the only difficulty in law is, can they be tried in any county but Caldwell. If not, they cannot be there indicted until a change of population. In the event the latter view is taken by the civil courts, I suggest the propriety of trying Jo Smith and those leaders taken by Genl Lucas, by a Court Martial for mutiny. This I am in favor of only as a dernier resort. I would have taken this course with Smith at any rate, but it seems doubtful whether a Court Martial has jurisdiction or not in the present case, that is, whether these people are to be treated as in time of war, & would here ask you to forward to me the Attorney General's opinion on this point. My whole object is to obey your orders & settle this matter so as to have the best effect upon the people, & at the same time not compromise the character of the State. But it will not do to allow these leaders to return to their treasonable work again on account of their not being indicted in Caldwell.

I find by inquiry that with all the enormities we have heard charged against these people, many of which charges we looked upon as the offspring of prejudice on the part of our citizens, the truth has not yet been told. There is no crime from treason down to the most petty larceny but these people, or a majority of them have been guilty of. All, too, under the counsel of Joseph Smith Jr, the prophet. They have committed treason, murder, arson, burglary, robbery and larceny, and perjury. They have societies formed under the most revolting covenants in form, & the most horrid oaths to circumvent the law & put them at defiance, & to plunder & burn & murder & divide the spoils for the use of the Church. This is what they call the Danite Club or Society.

These facts I gather from some persons I have who have disclosed: Under this horrid system, many of the citizens of Daviess County, who went to that frontier poor, & who by their industry & economy had acquired a good living, have been robbed of every article of property they have - their houses burnt before their eyes, & them & their wives & children driven out of the country, without any kind of shelter. In one instance, I have been informed that a family was ordered off & their house burnt in their light & a woman driven out while it was snowing, with a child only four days old. In another case, I was informed a family was driven away & the woman was compelled to ask protection in a few miles, where she was delivered of a child in a short time after. These, sir, are some of the offenses of these people. I do not wonder at the prejudices against them in their vicinity.

I send you enclosed a copy of a Constitution of one of their societies from which you can gather some information. I design to continue my head Quarters here, until the investigation of the cases of the prisoners are closed. You shall be informed from time to time of the progress, as also of the movements in Daviess. Those facts I now communicate to you, supposing they would be useful to you before the meeting of the Legislature. Your communication of the 6th was received today by Mr. Maupin. Its contents were duly noted & shall be attended to. I have this evening informed the prisoners of what is charged against them and ordered the leaders to be bound, so as to [ ] to save them.

I am, Sir, your obt Servt
John B. Clark
Maj Genl
Commanding




Independence, 11th Nov 1838
His Excellency L. W. Boggs
Comr in Chief, M.M.

Sir: Your communiction of 6th Nov. 1838 through B. M. Lisle, Adj. Genl, has just been received. The prisoners have been sent to Richmond, subject to the order of Genl Clrk, & the arms will be sent as soon as the weather will permit. I have also furnished Genl Clark a copy of my report to you, all of which proceedings have been transmitted to you by mail, but which I presume did not reach previous to the date of your orders.

I have the honor to be yr
most obdt servt
Saml D. Lucas
Maj. Genl 4th D. M.M.

P.S. I refer you to my report & two other communications since my return from Far West, for further particulars as to the prisoners & arms.

Col. S. V. Noland, one of your Aide-de-Camps who accompanied the expedition under my command, will leave this evening for Jefferson City & will communicate further on this subject.

Sl D. Lucas
Maj. Gen 4th Div

P.S. The first communication received from Genl Clark was under date 30th Oct in which he directs Genl Atchison & myself to act as we think best according to circumstances. This letter was received either on the day or the day before the surrender, by Capt. Long, one of the persons Genl Atchison & myself had started to you with our report. The 2nd communication from Genl Clark was dated 1st Nov. In this, he directs us to remain in some secure position, & not to make any attack until he arrived. This, together with the 3rd communication, (the one you sent a copy of in your communication per Mr. Dorriss) was only received at Williams Ferry, Missouri River, two days after I had disbanded the army, as per my report to you of the 2nd Nov.

I never had any idea of trying any of the prisoners by a Court Martial, but only ordered them to my Head Quarters to await your further orders.

S. D. Lucas
Maj. Genl 4th Div. M.M.




Head Quarters 2nd Brigade 1 D, M.M.
Adam-on-Diahmon Nov 12, 1838

Maj. Genl Clark:
Sir, In pursuance of your order of the 7th at Far West, I took up the line of march with my command & arrived here on the 8th. We suffered much from the inclemency of the weather, which still continues.

On my arrival here I found the troops had left. I met Col. Burges some two miles from this place, he being the last. I immediately placed a guard around the town & ordered the Mormons to parade, which order was promptly obeyed, and about two hundred men entered their names. I then proceeded to the investigation as you required by your order, Justices Black & other citizens being present. I caused such of the Mormons as were supposed to be guilty of crimes arrested, and handed them over to the civil authorities for trial. It however appears that the most guilty had previously escaped, they having ample opportunity as I am informed the town had not been under guard up to the time of our arrival. The investigation is still progressing but with but little hope of effecting much, as the citizens seem to be unable to identify but few.

It is perfectly impossible for me to convey to you anything like the awful state of things which exist here. Language is inadequate to the task. The citizens of a whole county first plundered, & then their houses & other buildings burnt to ashes. Without houses, beds, furniture or even cloting in many instances to meet the inclemency of the weather. I confess that my feelings have been shocked with the gross brutality of these Mormons, who have acted more like demons from the infernal regions than human beings. Under these circumstances you will readily perceive that it would be perfectly impossible for me to protect the Mormons against the just indignation of the citizens. I therefore promptly informed the Mormons in a short address of all the facts that had then come to my knowledge - told them I should remain in Daviess County ten days, & would endeavor to protect them during that time. At the end of the ten days I would leave, and was not authorized to promise them further protection in Daviess County - that you had promised protection in Caldwell County - that such of them as wished to remove to Caldwell, or out of the state, I would give a permit to state that effect & would guarantee their safety on the route. The Mormons themselves appeared pleased with the idea of getting away from their enemies & a justly insulted people, and I believe all have applied to receive permits to leave the county. And I suppose about fifty families have left & othrs are hourly leaving, & at the end of the ten days, Mormons will not be known in Daviess County.

This appears to me to [be] the only course left to prevent a general massacre and I hope my course in this matter may meet your approbation, as it has been your pleasure to commit to my charge a most important command without special instructions. I feel the more bound not only to return you my sincere thanks for the honor thus done, but to give you a full account of all my acts. Nothing has been left undone on my part to justify that confidence.

The citizens of Daviess have cooperated heartily with me & to their praise be it said, have shown a degree of compassion & charity, unparalleled under the circumstances, to their enemies, & have cheerfully obeyed every order I have found it proper to give in this matter & now confidently believe I shall be able to close this most shocking insurrection without further bloodshed.

I had previously to receiving your order discharged all the troops under my command, except one company under Capt. Norbold. This company will be retained until I close my business here. I expect, without otherwise ordered, to remain here until tomorrow week & then set out for home. If therefore it is your pleasure to give me further orders before leaving, I would suggest that they be forwarded in time to reach here before that time.

It would astonish you to see the immense piles of stolen property which has been brought in & deposited by the Mormons, consisting of almost everything to be found at a farm house, & much remaining yet concealed. Large quantities have been found buried in & near town. I have been making all possible exertions to collect & preserve this property for the owners, but I find it hard to do as these dirty thieves are more skillful in the pilfering line than any I have yet seen. The citizens inform me that much of their property has been to Far West. I suggest that you order them to return them here at their own expense.

I write in a miserable shanty called the Lord's Store House, late at night after having been well soaked in the rain during the day, & much fatigued. I may have omitted some things, but when I am more comfortable I will write you more fully.

I have the honor to be with unsignal [ ] good will
Your Obt Servt
R. Wilson, Brig. Genl
[ ] 2nd Brig. M.M.




Executive Department
City of Jefferson
Nov 12, 1838

[To]
Major Genl D. Willock
Cmdr Detachment
Hartville

Sir:
I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the 10th inst. from Hartville. From information received from Genl Clark, who was placed in command of all the troops raised in pursuance of the late order of the Executive, there will not be any necessity for your proceeding any further. You will therefore return your troops and discharge them. The Quarter Master of your detachment will purchase and grant certificates to the person of whom he purchases, for such provisions as you may need. You will, however, [ ] out with as small a quantity as possible.

You will please present my thanks to the troops under your command for their promptness in marching to the call of their country.

Respectfully,

L. W. Boggs, Com
in Chief




Head Quarters, Richmond
Nov 14th 1838

His Exc Gov Boggs -
Sir: In my last communication I informed you of all the important incidents of the expedition up to that time. On Tuesday last we commenced the examination of the alleged crimes, being treason, murder, burglary, arson & larceny against Jo Smith and his co-leaders & about forty six others who occupy less a space amongst their people, but many of whom are equally guilty. The defendants have employed Messrs. Rees and Doniphan to defend them, who are both present.

The enquiry, as you may well imagine, takes a very extensive range and involves many important legal principles not often adverted to in our own practice, & being as I consider too important to be made out against the prisoners I, at the suggestion of Mr. Burch, the Circuit Attorney, spoke to Col. W. T. Wood to assist in the prosecution, promising him to lay the matter before your excellency, not doubting but what some provisions would be made by which he would have paid to him a reasonable fee. This was not done because I doubted Mr. Burch's ability in the least, for he is a good lawyer, and entering into this matter with his whole energy, but there are so many points [starred] & so much labor to arrange the facts, so as to make them bear on the various defendants that I did not wonder he should ask assistance. And for the good of the state I spoke to Col. Wood as above stated, & he very willingly engaged with Mr. Burch.

We progress slowly, but thus far the disclosures indicate certain conviction of treason against Smith, Wight, Pratt, Rigdon & some one or two more, and of murder against some five or six. Burglary against several, arson against a number & larceny against others. How it will all result I cannot yet tell, but that the leaders will all be convicted of treason or murder I think is reasonably certain, & many others of felony. You shall be informed as we progress.

I received this evening a communication from Genl Wilson, who had been dispatched to Daviess County, a copy of which I enclose you, from which you will discover that things are becoming as well settled there as can be under the circumstances, though they & I would have been much better settled if your orders had been complied with before my arrival. It seems to me if proper steps had been taken to save the active leaders, they could all have been captured. The protection Genl Wilson alludes to my giving the Mormons in Caldwell I explained to you in my last communication.

I regret exceedingly to learn that any acts of yours should create any heart burnings or collision with your Excellency and any General officer, and particularly to such an extent as I understand exists with Genl Atchison. Your motives doubtless were good, your orders were undoubtedly right as to the Mormons, and my command and I have no doubt the whole country will sustain you.

Business of a very urgent nature compels me to leave here on tomorrow for Fayette, where I will arrive on Sunday, leaving Lt. Col. Price, a competent officer, here until my return. I will only remain in Fayette until Tuesday or Wednesday next, & then I shall return here to remain until this whole prosecution is settled or put in such a condition that a military force is unnecessary. It is thought that the investigation will last for two or three weeks.

I am, sir, your obt servt
John B. Clark
Maj. Genl, Commg




Richmond, Nov 23, 1838

Understanding that Maj Genl Clark is about to return with the whole of his command from the scene of difficulty, we avail ourselves of this occasion to state that we were present when the Mormons surrendered to Major Genl Lucas at Far West and remained there until Major Genl Clark arrived. And we are happy to have this opportunity as well as the satisfaction of stating that the course of him and his troops while at Far West was of the most respectful kind and obliging character towards the said Mormons. And that the destitute among that people are much indebted to him for sustenance during his stay.

The modification of the terms upon which the Mormons surrendered, by permitting them to remain until they could safely go in the spring was also an act that gave general satisfaction to the Mormons. We have no hesitation in saying that the course taken by Genl Clark with the Mormons was necessary for the public peace, and that the Mormons are generally satisfied with his course. We feel duty bound to say that the conduct of the Genl, his staff officers and troops was highly honorable as soldiers and citizens so far as our knowledge intends, and we have heard of nothing derogatory to the dignity of the state in the treatment of the prisoners.

Respectfully,
W. W. Phelps
George Walters
John Clemmson
G. M. Hinckle
John Corrill




Keytesville, Nov 25th 1838

Genl Clark:
Sir - In performance of your order dated at Far West Nov 7th, I marched with the troops under my command for Adam Onde Ohman in the County of Daviess where I arrived on the 8th. Immediately after my arrival I had called together all the Mormons then residing in Daviess County and distinctly informed them of the nature of the order of the Commander in Chief, and that you had transferred the same to the undersigned to be executed in the County of Daviess. I also informed them that they would be permitted to remain in Daviess County during the winter or that they, at their option, should be permitted peacably to remove themselves and property to Caldwell County if they desired so to do. That I would remain ten days with a sufficient force for their protection, and that I would give to such as desired it a written permit to remove to Caldwell or out of the state. So soon as this was made known to them, they unanimously made application and received the permit above alluded to. And in the course of ten days all the Mormons residing at that point, with a few exceptions, had removed in peace and safety. I would here give it as my opinion that, owing to the hostility these people had produced against themselves by their excesses and depredations upon the property and lives of the citizens, would not have been permitted to remain there in safety, and of this the Mormons seemed to be well satisfied.

I found the greater portion of these people to be late immigrants to this place from Canada and the northern parts of the United States, encamped mostly in tents and provided with provisions for the winter. I was told upon inquiry that the prisoners had not been guarded since their surrender and that such as knew they could be identified by the citizens had mostly absconded. Such of the Mormons that could be identified were placed on trial before a justice of the peace.

The Mormons have done immense injury to the citizens of this county, first by robbing them of all their movable property and then burning their houses. A part of this property was found at Adam Ondi Ahman, but the greater portion is still missing. The people of Daviess County, during my stay among them, conducted themselves toward the Mormons with great propriety and even generosity. I am fully satisfied for myself that no people having any claims to honesty would permit such a band of robbers, as these Mormons have proved themselves to be, to reside among them. It is useless for me here to recapitulate the evidence upon which this opinion is founded, as you must be fully in possession of the same from the inquiry now going on forward at Richmond.

I have great pleasure in being able to certify to you of the good conduct of the troops under my command. Both officers and privates discharged their duty to my entire satisfaction and without a murmur. So far as I am informed no Mormon was injured in person or property by any person under my command.

Finding the civil authorities of Daviess County in a situation to discharge all the duties required of them by law, I referred all matters in dispute in relation to property between citizens and Mormons, under the belief that an exercise of military authority under the circumstances would have been improper.

The extent of the injury sustained by the citizens would not be fully ascertained, but so far as my observation and information extended, the whole county is laid waste and I fear many will suffer during the winter. It is impossible [to] witness these scenes of distress without feeling the deepest indignation against the leaders of these people who under the sacred name of religion have caused their followers to commit the most horrid crimes ever perpitrated in any country, and that too, as they allege, for the advancement of the Kingdom of Christ.

The troops under my command have all returned home and I am this far on the route subject to your further order.

I have the honor to be
with great respect
Robert Wilson Brg Genl
2nd Bat 1st Div M.M.




Senate Chamber Nov 28th 1838

Dear Sir: In answer to your note of this morning requesting me to give you such information as was in my knowledge relative to the battle fought on the 30th October at the Mills on Shoal Creek between the citizens and Mormons.

I will state that the company I belonged to was stationed in the rear as a reserve at a distance of about 40 yards of the line of battle. As soon as the line of battle was formed and before all the troops in the line had dismounted, the fire commenced (by the Mormons as I was told by those in front). The position I occupied prevented me from seeing the commencement. As soon as firing commenced, the company I belonged to dismounted and run in the line in front. When I got sight of the position of the Mormons, they were all in the house or under the bank of the creek and the smoke of their guns from both places appeared to me to be continual. Our men took a few fires at a crack in the house when I heard the order to charge the house which order was promptly obeyed. The men run to the house. As we approached it I saw one man have out his gun in front of me. I stepped to one side & the man in front of me squatted down and pitched under the muzzle, lay still until the gun fired. He then rose and as the Mormon drew back his gun, our man shoved his gun in the house & fired. By this time our men got possession of all the port holes, cracks &c and kept up such a constant fire that the Mormons could not get their guns out to shoot. They then broke out of the house and run towards the creek, but many fell in their flight. About that time I heard the cry of Quarters among our own men. I recollect distinctly of hearing one of our own men say (they called for quarters). I then hallowed Quarters! Quarters! as loud as I could which was echoed by all around me. The firing then ceased on our parts at which time a volley came from the creek. I then thought they had heard us calling for Quarters and thought we were whipped. The firing then renewed on our part and continued as long as there was any Mormon in sight, except the wounded. After the battle was near a close, I saw some of the Mormons that had reached the top of the hill south of the creek, about 300 yards from us, stopped, turned around and shot back at us and then run on.

After the battle had subsided I saw some of our men carry our wounded man into a house and laid him on a bed. The men in counting the dead found one man in the house not hurt who had fallen down in the early part of the action and was covered with the slain. I saw him and talked with him the moment he was taken prisoner. Those who counted the dead said 31 was killed of the Mormons and seven of our men was wounded. We then got a waggon and horses and such of our wounded as was unable to ride was put in the waggon and we left the place.

The above is an outline of that affair as my recollection serves me.

Yours respectfully,
Daniel Ashby

To Genl J. B. Clark




Nov 14th 1838

The Governor of the State of Missouri -

....There was at Far West about five hundred Mormons, several hundred having run off with their unit before my arrival, and at Adam on Diamon about one hundred and fifty or two hundred, making in all about twelve hundred armed men all together, as well as I can ascertain. There is now collected in the hands of my Quarter Master, and I presume Genl Lucas, about seven hundred guns, a great many pistols, swords and spears, but I have not now in my possession any means to ascertain the exact numbers. But they have been receipted for and will be reported in due time by the proper officer.

Before I left Far West I had the Mormons called together and addressed them in substance that they have capitulated with Genl Lucas and made their own agreement, and they would be expected to comply, and must comply, but that they would not be expected to go until their convenience in the spring. That no military guard would go with them, that none was necessary as I would pledge the honour of the State they should not be hurt. That their arms should then be given up to them. I did not see what else I could do under the circumstances without setting at naught what had been done by Genl Lucas, which I thought would have produced another difficulty with these people of perhaps more danger than the one that was then settled.

....These people had, as you will perceive, united themselves together in Societies, the object of which was to first drive from their society such as refused to join them in their unholy purposes, and then to plunder the surrounding country and ultimately to subject the State to their will. They have committed great injury to the country by burning, robbing. These things, however, their leaders say was done to punish the citizens of our State for past violence to them in other places...They have murdered, robbed, stole and burnt and committed many inhumane acts on helpless families. I have no doubt but what we have many citizens who have very much mistreated these people, but never to such as extent as to create the idea in a rational mind, who loved his country, that the Government ought to be subverted and the laws put at defiance.

The whole number of Mormons killed through the whole difficulty, as far as I can ascertain, are about forty and several wounded. There has been one citizen killed and about fifteen badly wounded. I give it as my decided opinion that much more blood would have been shed than this if there had been only troops enough ordered out by your Excellency to conquer the insurgents [ ]. Their influence [ ] them into submission to the first troops that appeared before them. This I am authorized to say by intelligent Mormons...

...not any of the forces after I arrived at Far West committed any violence either upon the property or persons of the Mormons of either sex; any statement or insinuation to the contrary is false and is slander upon my command and our citizens. I am led to make this statement, your Excellency, on account of pictures I have seen in some of the public journals of the country about the troops generally, and consequently embracing my command. I cannot vouch for the troops before my arrival but I do afterwards, and in justice to the officers commanding before, I will state that I believe that great injustice has been done them also. I have the testimony of the most intelligent Mormons on this subject, which I attach. It is humiliating to the militia, who are citizens generally of high order, to see the public journals of the country publishing every report that is put out without knowing whether it be true or false for the purpose of casting reproach upon our arms our country. I make this statement to rescue my command from such [insurrective ] censure which I know to be false as far as they are concerned, and leave other General officers having the command before my arrival to act as they please in the premises.

I have not been able to satisfy myself as well as I would upon the causes of this difficulty, but enough is shown by the evidence I here attact to enable the country to appreciate your prompt movement in ordering out the Militia to put down an insurrection of no ordinary character. It had for its object dominion, the ultimate subjugation of this State and the union...

Much has been said to the prejudice of those engaged in the battle at Hauns mill. Not having received before my departure from Richmond an official account of that battle from the officer commanding. Since my arrival here I addressed a note to Maj Ashby, a senator from Chariton who was there, for information. His answer is here appurtenent and marked, to which I refer you.

I would inform your Excellency that I have been informed by Mormons that there are now about one hundred persons, the wives of those who were killed and run off, who are destitute and depend on their friends for support.

I do not know how many of the prisoners will be committed, not having read the evidence in defense. When I left Richmond, I obtained copies of all the evidence that had been given in that I could procure, and engaged a gentleman to copy the balance on both sides & forward it to me at this place by each mail....

Having now submitted to your Excellency the course taken by me under your several orders in every material step, as well as such information as I possess, permit me to assure your Excellency that I entered on my duties with fearful apprehensions that my experience and ability to command had been exaggerated by you, and it would have given me pleasure if such an important trust involving so much had been committed to other, more competent hands. But in the discharge of my duty I have endeavored to comply with your orders as I understood and construed them, making the restoration and preservation of the public peace the great object to be attained. All which I respectfully submit to your Excellency, hoping that my acts may be satisfactory to you and yours to the Country.

I am, Sir, with consideration
of high respect your
Obt Servant

John B. Clark
Major Genl Com



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